Thyroperoxidase is an enzyme that is produced in the thyroid gland.
This enzyme plays an important role in the production of thyroid hormones.
Antibodies to thyroperoxidase are formed in the patient's body. In these clinical cases, the antibodies function against their own cells, i.e. the immune system mistakenly targets its own thyroid gland and infects it.
What does it mean to detect antibodies against thyroperoxidase in the blood?
It is a laboratory test that detects antibodies to thyroperoxidase in the blood. It is also known as Anti tpo analysis.
When diagnosing thyroid disease, Anti tpo test is usually prescribed along with other tests - this way the doctor determines the cause of the disease.
The presence of antibodies against thyroperoxidase in the blood is a sign that thyroid disease is caused by an autoimmune disorder such as Hashimoto's disease or Graves' disease.
A high titer of antibodies indicates that the disease is particularly severe or the prognosis is poor. However, based on the analysis (when the test confirms antibodies against thyroperoxidase), the doctor periodically checks the function of the thyroid gland, because due to the pathological process, the risk of degeneration of this endocrine organ is quite high.
What is an autoimmune disorder?
Autoimmune disease is a pathological process in which the immune system produces antibodies and instead of caring for normal, healthy tissue, it mistakenly attacks and suffers.
Almost all organs or systems are affected, but the thyroid gland is particularly affected.
When the target of an antibody attack is the thyroid gland, at this time there is swelling / swelling in the area of the thyroid gland and its ability to function properly decreases.
Your doctor may prescribe anti tpo analysis for a pregnant woman who has an autoimmune disease and the thyroid gland is involved in this pathological process.
It is noteworthy that it is possible to really confirm the antibodies against thyroperoxidase in the blood by laboratory analysis, although the person does not have thyroid disease. In similar clinical cases, physicians estimate that antibodies to thyroperoxidase indicate that a person is at high risk for thyroid pathology in the future (risk group).
Symptoms that are noticeable
Anti tpo research is recommended if you notice symptoms characteristic of a thyroid problem and especially if the cause of the disorder is Hashimoto's disease or Graves' disease.
Symptoms that need to be noticed are:
- Weight gain or weight loss;
- Hair loss;
- Decreased cold tolerance;
- Irregular menstruation;
- Joint pain;
- Bulging eyes;
- Hand tremors;
- Decreased heat tolerance;
- Sleep problems;
- Increased heart rate;
What does i-Lab offer?
A subsidiary of the Health and Tourism International Center and the official partner of the Turkish Clinic Network "Acibadem" in Georgia, i-Lab Laboratory offers the determination of antibodies against thyroperoxidase in the blood.
The cost of this research at the ultramodern laboratory is 35 GEL.
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Please note that pre-recording is required.
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